CHESS: outputs and resources

Gender and equity

Chopra M, Bhutta Z, Chang Blanc D, Checchi F, Gupta A, Lemango ET, Levine OS, Lyimo D, Nandy R, O'Brien KL, OkwoBele J-M, Rees H, Soepard J, Tolhurst R & Victora. Addressing the persistent inequities in immunization coverage. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, BLT.19.241620, 2020.

Dean L, Millington KA, Thomson R and Tolhurst R. Shaping Health Systems to Include People with Disabilities. K4D Emerging Issues Report. Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies. 2018.

Fang J, Tang SL, Tan XP & Tolhurst R. Achieving SDG related Sexual and Reproductive Health targets in China: what are appropriate indicators and how we interpret them? Reproductive Health, 2020, 17:84

Hay K, McDougal L, Percival V, Henry S, Klugman J, Wurie H, Raven J, Shabalala F, Fielding-Miller R, Dey A, Dehingia N, Morgan R, Atmavilas Y, Saggurti N, Yore J, Blokhina E, Huque R, Barasa E, Bhan N, Kharel C, Silverman J, Raj A. Disrupting Gender Norms in Health Systems: Making the Case for Change. The Lancet. pii: S0140-6736(19)30648-8. (19)30648-8.

Iyer V, Mavalankar D, Tolhurst R & De Costa A. Perceptions of quality of care during birth at private Chiranjeevi facilities in Gujarat: lessons for Universal Health Coverage, Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters, 2020, 28:2, 1850199, DOI: 10.1080/26410397.2020.1850199

Jiang H, Xu J, Richards E, Qian X, Zhang W, Hu L,Wu, SC, Tolhurst R, INPAC consortium. Opportunities, challenges and systems requirements for developing postabortion family planning services: Perceptions of service stakeholders in China. PLoS ONE, 2017, 12(10): e0186555. 

Kamuya DM, Molyneux CS, Theobald S. Gendered negotiations for research participation in community-based studies: implications for health research policy and practice. BMJ Global Health, 2017;2:e000320

Kumar MB, Madan J, Auguste P, Taegtmeyer M, Otiso L, Ochieng C, Muturi N, Mgamb E, Barasa E. Cost-effectiveness of community health systems strengthening: quality improvement interventions at community level to realise maternal and child health gains. Kenya BMJ Global Health 2021 Mar;6(3):e002452

Percival V, Dusabe-Richards E, Wurie, H, Namakula, J, Ssali, S, Theobald, S. Are health systems interventions gender blind? Examining health system reconstruction in conflict affected states. Globalization and Health, 2018, 14:90 

Steege, R, Taegtmeyer, M, McCullom, R, Hawkins, K, Ormel, H, Kok, M, Rashid, S, Otiso, L. Sidat, M, Chikaphupa, K, Gemechu-Datiko, D, Ahmed, R, Tolhurst, R, Gomez, W, Theobald, S. (2018) How do gender relations affect the working lives of close to community health service providers? Empirical research, a review and conceptual framework, Social Science & Medicine, Volume 209, July 2018, 1-13 

Theobald, S, Morgan, R, Hawkins, K, Ssali, S, George, A, Molyneux, C. The importance of gender analysis in research for health systems strengthening. Health Policy and Planning, 2018, Volume 32, Issue suppl_5, 1 December 2017, Pages v1–v3

Waldman, L, Morgan, R, Theobald, S. Key Considerations for Accountability and Gender in Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. IDS Bulletin. Volume 49 Issue 2 Published: 08 May 2018 

Health workforce

Baba A, Martineau T, Theobald S, Sabuni P, Nobabo MM, Alitimango A, Katabuka JK, Raven J. 2020. Developing strategies to attract, retain and support midwives in rural fragile settings: participatory workshops with health system stakeholders in Ituri Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Health Res Policy Syst. 2020 Nov 4;18(1):133. doi: 10.1186/s12961-020-00631-8.

Raven J, Baral S, Wurie H, Witter S, Samai M, Paudel P, Subedi HN, Martineau T, Elsey H, Theobald S. What adaptation to research is needed following crises: a comparative, qualitative study of the health workforce in Sierra Leone and Nepal. Health Research Policy and Systems, 2018, 16:6 

Raven J, Wurie H, Witter S. Health workers’ experiences of coping with the Ebola epidemic in Sierra Leone’s health system: a qualitative study. BMC Health Services Research, 2018,18:251. 

Vallières F, Kok M, Mahmud I, Sarker M, Jeacocke P, Karuga R, Limato L, Kea AZ, Chikaphupha K, Sidat MM, Gilmore B, Taegtmeyer M. Measuring Motivation among Close-to-Community Health Workers: Developing the CTC Provider Motivational Indicator Scale across six countries. Human Resources for Health, 2020 Aug 1;18(1):54.


Alonso-Garbayo A, Raven J, Theobald S, Ssengooba F, Nattimba M, Martineau T. Decision space for health workforce management in decentralised settings: action research in Uganda. Health Policy and Planning, 2017, 32 (suppl_3):iii59–iii66.

Bulthuis SE, Kok MC, Amon S, Agyemang SA, Nsabagasani X, Sanudi L, Raven J, Finn M, Gerold J, Tulloch O, Dieleman MA. How district health decision-making is shaped within decentralized contexts: A qualitative research in Malawi, Uganda, and Ghana. Health Policy and Planning. 2020. Global Public Health.  DOI: 10.1080/17441692.2020.1791213

Kumar MB, Barasa E, Madan J, Ndima S, Chikaphupha K, Zerihun AK, Taegtmeyer M. How do decision makers use evidence in community health policy and financing decisions? A qualitative study and conceptual framework from four African countries. Health Policy Plan. 2020 Jun 9:czaa027. doi: 10.1093/heapol/czaa027

Martineau T, Raven J, Aikins M, Alonso-Garbayo, A, Baine S, Huss R, Maluka, S, Wyss K. Strengthening health district management competencies in Ghana, Tanzania and Uganda: lessons from using action research to improve health workforce performance.BMJ Glob Health, 2018;3:e000619. 

Health systems in fragile settings

Dean L, Cooper J, Wurie H, Kollie K, Raven J, Tolhurst R, MacGregor H, Hawkins K, Theobald S and Mansaray B. Psychological resilience, fragility and the health workforce: lessons on pandemic preparedness from Liberia and Sierra Leone. BMJ Global Health 5(9): e002873, 2020.

Martineau T, McPake B, Theobald S, Raven J, Ensor T, Fustukian S, Ssengooba F, Chirwa Y, Vong S, Wurie H, Hooton N, Witter S. Leaving no one behind: lessons on rebuilding health systems in conflict- and crisis-affected states. BMJ Global Health, 2017, vol 2, issue 2, e000327. 

Odhiambo J, Jeffery C, Lako R, Devkota B, Valadez JJ. Measuring health system resilience in a highly fragile nation during protracted conflict: South Sudan 2011-15. Health Policy Plan. 2020;35(3):313-22.

Raven J, Wurie H, Idriss A, Bah AJ, Baba A, Nallo, Kollie KK, Dean L, Steege R, Martineau T and Theobald S. How should community health workers in fragile contexts be supported: qualitative evidence from Sierra Leone, Liberia and Democratic Republic of Congo. Human Resources for Health. 2020, 18(1): 58.

Witter S, Palmer N, Balabanova D, Mounier-Jack S, Martineau T et al. Health system strengthening—Reflections on its meaning, assessment and our state of knowledge. International Journal of Health Planning & Management. 2019;1–10. 

Witter S, Wurie H, Chandiwana P, Namakula J, So S, Alonso-Garbayo A, Ssengooba F, Raven J. How do health workers experience and cope with shocks? Learning from four fragile and conflict-affected states on resilience in the health workforce. Health Policy and Planning, 2017,32(suppl_3):iii3-iii13. 

Valadez JJ, Berendes S, Odhiambo J, Vargas W, Devkota B, Lako R, et al. Is development aid to strengthen health systems during protracted conflict a useful investment? The case of South Sudan, 2011-2015. BMJ Glob Health. 2020;5(4):e002093.

NTDs and other diseases

Alhassan Y, Twimukye A, Malaba T, Orrell C, Myer L, Waitt C, Lamorde M, Kambugu A, Reynolds H, Khoo S, Taegtmeyer M. Community acceptability of dolutegravir-based HIV treatment in women: a qualitative study in South Africa and Uganda. BMC Public Health. 2020 Dec 7;20(1):1883.

Baker C, Limato R, Tumbelaka P, Rewari BB, Nasir S, Ahmed R, Taegtmeyer M. Antenatal testing for anaemia, HIV and syphilis in Indonesia – a health systems analysis of low coverage. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 May 29;20(1):326. doi: 10.1186/s12884-020-02993-x

Dean L, Njelesani J, Mulamba C, Dacombe R, Mbabazi PS, Bates I. Establishing an international laboratory network for neglected tropical diseases: Understanding existing capacity in five WHO regions. F1000Research, 2018, 7:1464 

Dean L, Ozano K, Adekeye O, Dixon R, Fung EG, Gyapong M, Isiyaku S, Kollie K, Kukula V, Lar L, MacPherson E, Makia C, Kouokam Magne E, Nnamdi DB, Mue Nji T, Ntuen U, Oluwole A, Piotrowski H, Siping M, Tchoffo MN, Tchuem Tchuenté LA, Thomson R, Tsey I, Wanji S, Yashiyi J, Zawolo G and Theobald S. Neglected Tropical Diseases as a ‘litmus test’ for Universal Health Coverage? Understanding who is left behind and why in Mass Drug Administration: Lessons from four country contexts. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 2019, 13(11): e0007847.

Dean L, Tolhurst R, Nallo G, Kollie K, Bettee A and Theobald S. Neglected tropical disease as a ‘biographical disruption’: Listening to the narratives of affected persons to develop integrated people centred care in Liberia. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 13(9): e0007710, 2019.

Kintu K, Malaba TR, Nakibuka J, Papamichael C, Colbers A, Byrne K, Seden K, Hodel EM, Chen T, Twimukye A, Byamugisha J, Reynolds H, Watson V,  Burger D, Wang D, Waitt C, Taegtmeyer M, Orrell C, Lamorde M, Myer L, Khoo SH, for the DolPHIN-2 Study Group. Dolutegravir versus efavirenz in women starting HIV therapy in late pregnancy (DolPHIN-2): an open-label, randomised controlled trial. The Lancet HIV, May 2020 Vol 7, Issue 5, e332-339,

Pulford J, Kurumop SF, Ura Y, Siba PM, Mueller I, Hetzel MW. The impact of the scale-up of malaria rapid diagnostic tests on the routine clinical diagnosis procedures for febrile illness: a series of repeated cross-sectional studies in Papua New Guinea. Malaria Journal, 2018; 17:202. 

Pulford J, Saweri OPM, JefferyC, SibaPM, Mueller I, Hetzel MW. Does test-based prescription of evidence-based treatment for malaria improve treatment seeking and satisfaction? Findings of repeated cross-sectional surveys in Papua New Guinea. BMJ Global Health. 2018;3:e000915. 

Saleh S, Mbera G, Banda H, Thomson R, Stenberg B, Squire B, Tolhurst R, Dean L. Health seeking for chronic lung disease in central Malawi: adapting existing models using insights from a qualitative study. PLoS One, 2018, 13(12): e0208188. 

Seeberger UG, Valadez JJ. Are health workers reduced to being drug dispensers of antiretroviral treatment? A randomized cross-sectional assessment of the quality of health care for HIV patients in northern Uganda. Health Policy Plan. 2019;34(8):559-65.


Alhassan Y, McCollum R, Watson V, Piotrowski H, Dean LBates I, Frith I, Anderson de Cuevas R, Harris R, Chowdhury S, Ozano K, Hastie O, El Hajj T, Dacombe R, Ding Y, Zaizay Z,  Theobald S & Taegtmeyer M. Principles for promoting resilient health systems in the context of Covid-19 response: learning from Merseyside, UK, REDRESS, 2021.

Kimani J, Steege R, Makau J, Nyambuga K, Wairutu J, Tolhurst R. Building forward better: the need for inclusive support to livelihoods in Nairobi’s informal settlements during periods of shock. Building a Better World – the crisis and opportunity of Covid-19I: IDS Bulletin. 2021, Vol. 52 No. 1 March 2021, pp 37-44.

McCollum R, Zaizay Z, Parker C,  Zawolo G,  Berrian H, Kollie J,  Smith J, Tate W, Theobald S, Kollie K and Dean L. Principles for promoting resilient health systems in the context of Covid-19 response: learning from Liberia, REDRESS, 2021.

Wingfield T and Taegtmeyer M

Capacity strengthening

Begg S, Wright A, Small G, Mosha F, Kirby M, Snetselaar J, Aziz S, Bharmal J, Dacombe R and Bates I. 'Developing laboratory capacity for Good Laboratory Practice certification: lessons from a Tanzanian insecticide testing facility'. 2020. Gates Open Research, Vol 4, Issue 59.

Dean L, Gregorius S, Bates I, Pulford J. Advancing the science of health research capacity strengthening in low- and middle-income countries: A scoping review of the published literature, 2000-2016. BMJ Open, 2017; 7e018718. 

Murunga V, Oronje RN, Bates I, Tagoe N and Pulford J. 'Review of published evidence on knowledge translation capacity, practice and support among researchers and research institutions in low- and middle- income countries'. 2020. Health Research Policy and Systems, Vol 18, e16.

Pulford J and Bates I. 'Health research policy and systems: Moving towards evidence-informed health research capacity strengthening practice'. Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, 2021, Vol 26, Issue 2, pp. 75-76.

Pulford J, Crossman S, Abomo P, Amegee J, Begg S, Ding Y, El Hajj T and Bates I. 'Guidance and conceptual tools to inform the design, selection, and evaluation of research capacity strengthening interventions'. 2021. BMJ Global Health, Vol 6, Issue 3.

Pulford, J, Crossman, S, Begg, S, Amegee Q, Jessica, Abomo, Pierre, El Hajj T and Bates I, 2020 'Strengthening research management and support services in sub-Saharan African universities and research institutions'. AAS Open Research, Vol 3, Issue 31.

Tagoe N, Kinyanjui S, Pulford J, Murunga V, Molyneux S. Managing health research capacity strengthening consortia: a systemised review of the published literature. BMJ Global Health, 2019;4:e001318. 

Wallis S, Cole DC, Gaye O, Mmbaga BT, Mwapasa V, Tagbor H, Bates I. A qualitative study to develop processes and tools for the assessment and tracking of African institutions’ capacity for operational health research. BMJ Open, 2017; 7:9 

Research methods

Jeffery C, Pagano M, Hemingway J, Valadez JJ. Hybrid prevalence estimation: Method to improve intervention coverage estimations. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018;115(51):13063-8,

Ozano, K, Dean L, Adekeye O, Bettee AK, Dixon R, Gideon NU, Gwani N, Isiyaku S, Kollie K, Lar L, Oluwole A, Piotrowski H, Siakeh A, Thomson R, Yashiyi J, Zawolo G and Theobald S. Guiding principles for quality, ethical standards and ongoing learning in implementation research: multicountry learnings from participatory action research to strengthen health systems. Health Policy and Planning 35(Supplement_2), 2020, ii137-ii149.

Theobald S, Brandes N, Gyapong M, El-Saharty S, Proctor E, Diaz T, Wanji S, Elloker S, Raven J et al. Implementation Research: New Imperatives and Opportunities in Global Health. The Lancet, 2018, vol 392, issue 10160, 2214-28 

Valadez JJ, Devkota B, Jeffery C, Hadden WC. How well do mothers recall their own and their infants' perinatal events? A two-district study using cross-sectional stratified random sampling in Bihar, India. BMJ Open. 2019;9(12):e031289. doi http://10.1136/bmjopen-2019-031289