Professor Joseph Valadez

Chair in International Public Health

Joe Valadez joined LSTM's International Health group (now the Department for International Public Health) in July 2008 from the World Bank, where he was the Senior Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist on the Global HIV/AIDS Programme and the Malaria Booster Program for Africa. A community epidemiologist who has worked in more than 45 countries, he earned his Doctorate in Science at Harvard, joining the Harvard faculty in 1986. He has since worked in more than 45 countries, including Kenya, where he was Director of Projects for the African Medical and Research Foundation and in Rwanda where he served as Senior Health Officer for UNICEF immediately after the genocide, helping the new Rwandan government develop a Ministry of Health. Much of his research has focused on the development of rapid and practical programme monitoring and evaluation techniques that adapt quality control statistics as used in industry for application in community health programmes. He developed a state of the art Lot Quality Assurance Sampling method during the mid-1980s which is used internationally and recently integrated this approach with cluster sampling for applications in large countries. Currently, he is developing new approaches for rapid mapping of disease prevalence to support community treatment programmes of schistosomiasis and school-based intermittent preventive treatment of malaria. He is also working to assess the relative effectiveness of diverse service delivery strategies on covering community populations with public health programmes.

He is interested in developing Programme Monitoring and Evaluation techniques that empower local managers to manage their programmes by using results. He hopes to successfully develop a tool kit for Programme M&E that local Public Health Officers can use to identify which interventions are priorities and need improvement. He is also interested in developing approaches for assessing the relative effectiveness of diverse service delivery strategies for covering community populations with public health programmes.

Research Grants

  • £731,451 (2017) DFID: Monitoring, Evaluation and Operational Research (MEOR), Nepal
  • $94,474 (2017) UNICEF: Niger. Assessments of preventive nutrition interventions in 17 municipalities and support data use for policy making
  • $199,825 (2017) World Vision: Wrote a planning manual for global use of LQAS in World Vision Offices
  • $5,898,591 (2009-2018): Support to the Government of South Sudan (through the World Bank) to develop the national Monitoring and Evaluation System (Sept 2017-Feb 2018)
  • $433,868 (2015) UNICEF: Support child health and nutrition programmes in Sub-Saharan Africa. (2015-2016)
  • $1,738,603 (2015-2018):Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, India to assess the validity and reliability of the government of Bihar’s M&E systems for MNCH programmes and to develop hybrid prevalence estimation.
  •  $3 million Supports Government of Uganda develop a national M&E system for HIV/AIDS programme monitoring using the LQAS method (2009-13, USAID)
  • £1.5 million Supports Government of Zimbabwe establish rapid monitoring systems for assessing maternal and new born health care and CBD performance (2009-11, DFID)
  • £500,000 Supports Government of India establish M&E systems for decentralized diagnosis and treatment of malaria in Orissa State (2010-12, DFID)
  • £500,000 Supports Government of South Sudan establish M&E for maternal and child health, HIV and reproductive health, and to assess the quality of services in health facilities (2009-11, World Bank Multi Donor Trust Fund)
  • €1 million Supports Government of Libya develop its first national HIV/AIDS strategy, and to measure HIV seroprevalence in Hard To Reach Populations. (2009-11, European Commission)
  • $150,000 Support to the World Bank to develop decentralized monitoring and evaluation systems for malaria, child and maternal health projects in Nigeria, Benin, Lesotho and India (2008-2010, World Bank).
  • $750,000 Support to UNICEF Headquarters develop a rapid monitoring and evaluation system to assess UNICEF priority programs (e.g., Integrated Community Case Management, EPI) (2011-13, UNICEF).
  • $2 million (2011-2012, UNICEF Uganda) The Community and District Empowerment for Scale up (CODES) is a five-year project funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to reduce child mortality. The project is implemented by ChildFund International/ Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine in five Districts of Buikwe, Bukomansimbi, Masaka, Mukono and Wakiso.
  • £950,000 Support to DFID as the impact evaluator of Pay For Performance in Acholi Region Uganda. (2012-2016, DFID)
  • $4.5 million Support to the Government of South Sudan to develop a comprehensive information systems for program monitoring and evaluation (10 states).
  • £600,000 Strengthening Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS) in Odisha State, India to Improve Malaria Control Programme Management and Impact (2013-2015, Options/DFID).

Technical Assistance Contracts

  • 2008- Present: Provide support to the Government of India to develop a Monitoring and Evaluation Strategy for the Vector Borne Disease Control Programme in 5 states.  Invited by the Assistant Commissioner for Health and Family Welfare to develop a rapid assessment systems of Skill Birth Attendants nationally.
  • 2005-2008: Support the World Bank develop its monitoring and evaluation strategy for the Malaria Booster Program for Africa. Developed the Malaria Scorecard which is now used internationally for tracking progress in malaria control and used in high level policy discussions. Advised the President of the World Bank on the status of the Booster Program by providing current M&E data and analyses. Developed an internal information system to monitoring progress in the implementation of Booster programs in 19 African countries.  Provided direct support to African nations to develop a national M&E framework, to plan and implement baseline and follow on surveys, and to develop methods for assessing the quality of care for treatment of sick children.  Represented the World Bank on the Roll Back Malaria Monitoring and Evaluation Reference Group.

External Appointments

  • Malaria Implementation Resource Team, The World Bank. Global Programme on Malaria.
  • Member of the Global HIV/AIDS Programme, The World Bank

Selected publications

  • Bethany L. Hedt, Casey Olives, Marcello Pagano, Joseph J. Valadez (2008) Large Country-Lot Quality Assurance Sampling: A New Method for Rapid Monitoring and Evaluation of Health, Nutrition and Population Programs at Sub-National Levels Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) Discussion Paper, The World Bank

    Susan Robertson and J.J. Valadez.”Global review of health care surveys using lot quality assurance sampling (LQAS), 1984-2004.” Social Science and Medicine, 63, 2006: 1648-1660. 

    N. A. Vollmer and Valadez, J.J. “A Psychological Epidemiology of People Seeking Counseling for HIV/AIDS in Kenya: An Approach for Improving Counselor Training.”  AIDS, 1999, 13: 1557-1567 

    Valadez, J.J. and Leisa Weld: “Maternal Recall Error of Her Child's Vaccination Status in a Developing Country.” American Journal of Public Health. January 1992.