Types of Partnership

Many different forms of collaboration are possible. These include, but are not limited to, the following.


Articulation is a process whereby students at another institution are admitted to LSTM with advanced standing. LSTM reviews the curriculum, assessments, etc of a specified programme at another organisation and judges if it provides an appropriate basis, and is of an appropriate academic standard, to allow advanced entry on a standard and regular basis to a programme leading to a LSTM award.

Arrangements normally involve credit accumulation and transfer, so that credit achieved for the approved study at the first institution is transferred to contribute to the programme and award completed at LSTM.

Capacity Building/Strengthening

A strong academic sector is a pre-requisite for any country to be able to develop its own intellectual resources, promote innovation and knowledge and optimise its capacity for social and economic development.  LSTM is involved in a range of capacity building activities. These activities lead to equal and mutually rewarding partnerships and can provide access to international networks and expertise, expand education and research activities in partner institutions, enhance global and developmental perspectives, and provide institutional, personal and career development opportunities

Distance Delivery

This is a form of transnational education which involves the delivery of a LSTM programme by LSTM staff using the premises and facilities of another organisation (often another Higher Education Institution) physically and geographically distanced from LSTM’s Liverpool campus. LSTM retains overall control of delivery, and the formal teaching is undertaken mainly by its staff. Examples include our soon to launch LSTM Regional Hub model to be delivered in West Africa, the Middle East and South-East Asia.

Double Degrees

The process by which two or more awarding institutions collectively provide a jointly-delivered programme (or programmes) leading to separate awards being granted by both, or all of them.


Franchising is the process by which LSTM authorise an approved partner institution to deliver (and sometimes assess) part or all of an approved LSTM programme, which lead to a degree award.

Joint Degrees – Taught / Research

LSTM and the partner institution(s) jointly develop and deliver a taught or research programme leading to a single award from all participating institutions (joint award). One institution takes the lead in financial, administrative and quality assurance matters. The award refers to the input of the partner institution(s).


Validation is the process by which LSTM judges that a programme developed and delivered by another institution without degree awarding powers is of an appropriate quality and standard to lead to a LSTM award at a specified level and that the necessary resources are available to support the delivery of the programme.